Optimism is the key to overcoming adversity. Optimists expect a good outcome and will adjust their expectations to achieve the desired end result. An optimist will view a problem as a temporary setback that they can get past and this positive attitude fosters hope. When we stay hopeful we are able to persevere and we learn to adapt and deal with stressful situations. This behavior builds resilience and this inner strength can help overcome adversity.
“THE POSITIVE THINKER SEES THE INVISIBLE, FEELS THE INTANGIBLE, AND ACHIEVES THE IMPOSSIBLE.” Winston Churchill
How do optimists overcome adversity?
Optimists view challenges as stumbling blocks, not as obstructions. Optimists will view a situation, access it, and look for effective options to work through issues. An optimist thinks that they can find a solution and will work on a problem until they reach a compromise or conclusion.
An optimist thinks, what can I do to change my situation? Not, I can’t do this. An optimist expects things to get better and takes the necessary steps to make that happen. They do not let a negative turn of events paralyze them. An optimist knows that life is not fated and that they have the power to change things.
An optimist will look at a negative situation and try to imagine a more positive outcome.
When does optimism become avoidance?
Positive thinking doesn’t mean avoiding difficult things. It means that you focus on a positive outcome instead of a negative one. Practicing positivity can be an effective coping strategy.
Why does this matter? The way people view life events is directly related to their mortality. A ten-year study in the Netherlands found that people with a positive attitude were 55% less likely to die than pessimistic people in the same time period. This study found that those with sunnier, more positive dispositions were also found to be more resilient to illnesses like the common cold and the flu compared to those with negative attitudes.
What is a pessimist?
A pessimist will generally expect a bad outcome. They tend to see problems as permanent, end-of-the-world scenarios, rather than bad luck or a bad day. They may complain and tell themselves how bad things are and that there is nothing they can do about it. A lot of energy is expended focusing on things that frustrate and upset them. A pessimist gets stuck in their own negative story. They’ll complain, but they don’t try to change or improve things. If someone really believes that things will never get better then they won’t.
Being a pessimist is not a bad thing
Sometimes being pessimistic can be a way of protecting your feelings. If you expect a bad outcome, then you won’t be surprised or hurt by something when it happens. By disengaging from bad news and not confronting problems, a pessimist may actually protect the body from fewer cortisol spikes than someone actively immersed in trying to find solutions for stressful situations.
However, this does not protect the immune system from the effects of psychological stressors.1 The daily stress resulting from feeling constantly overwhelmed and having negative feelings of anxiety and helplessness can have a physical impact on the body causing inflammation and fueling autoimmune disease.
What are the effects of optimism on your health?
Optimism is linked to lower pain sensitivity and better adjustment to chronic pain.2 This is because an optimist will tend to be less attentive to the pain and will strive to adjust to the condition. We may not always be able to control our circumstances, but we do have the power to change our attitude about how we let circumstances affect us.
Research suggests that optimistic people have stronger immune functions and better cardiovascular health.3 An article published in Psychological Science provides evidence that changes in optimistic expectancies are accompanied by changes in immunity. “These results support the validity of psychological interventions to improve immunity and health.”4
Optimism doesn’t fix everything
Sometimes things really are that bad and it’s difficult to imagine a positive outcome. The difference between an optimist and a pessimist is that an optimist will try. Confronted with the same circumstances, an optimist and a pessimist will react differently to the same news.
That said, nobody should go through life stifling negative feelings, pain, or grief. It’s important to acknowledge these feelings and learn from them so that we can move on. It’s also important to note that optimism can’t fix everything. We can’t cure ourselves and we can’t always change circumstances that involve outside influences.
Optimism is the key to adversity
What we can do to overcome adversity is to adapt and look for the positive aspects of challenges. This enables us to adjust our expectations and control our perspective.
We choose how to react. We choose to give significance to events or situations. Ask yourself if you have jumped to any conclusions? Added judgment? When faced with something distressing, reframe it. Think of the same situation with a good outcome.
Optimism is really all about your point of view. This is the key to overcoming adversity.
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